[John] Heilbron’s book The Sun in the Church shows that church-supported astronomers used the cathedrals themselves as solar observatories—hence the subtitle of the book, Cathedrals as Solar Observatories. This would have made no sense if the church had been antiscience…
The authors also use Jeffrey Burton Russell’s Inventing the Flat Earth, a well-documented book that demolishes the charge that the church taught a flat earth. Prof. Russell can find only five obscure writers in the first 1,500 years of the Christian era who denied that the earth was a globe. But he documents a large number of famous Christian scholars, including the venerable Bede and Thomas Aquinas, who affirmed the earth’s sphericity. Rather, the flat earthism was a totally baseless myth fostered by 19th-century writers with a huge anti-Christian axe to grind.
Hardaway, B. & Sarfati, J. (2004). Countering Christophobia [book review] Creation Ministries International. Available http://creation.com/countering-christophobia. Last accessed 25th Jul 2015.